Humour

1) A mother noticed her little daughter praying. “Please God,” the little girl kept saying. “Bless my father and my mother and make Chittagong the Capital of Bangladesh.”

“Why did you make such a strange request?” the mother asked surprisingly.

“Because that’s what I wrote in my Geography test this morning!” replied the tiny daughter.

2) Teacher : Sumi, if you had 5 Taka and you asked your mother for another 5, how much Taka would you have?

Sumi : 5 taka, Sir!

Teacher : You don’t know your Arithmetic!

Sumi : But Sir, you don’t know my mother!

3) A husband phoned his wife from his office. Husband : I’ve got two tickets for the Photo Exhibition in the Art Gallery.

Wife : That’s wonderful! I’ll start getting ready straight away.

Husband : You’d better do. The tickets are for tomorrow’s show.

4) An examination candidate who knew very little English once attended an oral English examination.

The Examiner : What is your name?

Candidate : Niloy Poul!

Examiner : How many are there in your family?

Candidate : Not many. Me, me sister, me mother, and father.

Examiner : Who does the cooking at home? After a long period of silence, the examiner tried to help. Examiner : Well, your mother or your sister?

Candidate : Your mother!

5) Father : Now Son, be good while I’m away.

Son : OK Dad. I’ll be good for 100 taka.

Father : That’s too much Son! When I was your age, I was good for nothing!

6) First teacher : Too bad, Mr. Nil Akash has the best attendance record in the class.

Second teacher : Why should this be bad?

First teacher : He also has the worst discipline record in the school!

7) Oporajita (in romantic mood) : Parthib, can you say three words that will make me float in the air?

Parthib : Go, hang yourself!

8) The teacher asked his students to draw a ring. As expected, all drew objects with circular shapes. However, one little boy drew a square.

“Why have you drawn a square?” the teacher asked.

“Mine is a boxing ring, Sir,” the boy replied.

9) Nirjhor : Daddy, I got a hundred marks in school today!

Father : Wow… that’s wonderful! For what did you get a hundred in?

Nirjhor : 30 marks for Maths, 50 marks for English and 20 marks for Science. Altogether 100 marks!

Manage your Changing Workload

The multiple platforms and constant deadlines of digital journalism place new demands on editors as you manage your staff and your own time to pursue excellence on all platforms. You need to manage your time well on at least three levels:

  • Managing your work flow well through the day.
  • Developing the skill of coaching in short conversations.
  • Deciding which multimedia tools to use on each story.

The editor’s new work flow

If you just add the growing digital demands to your print workload, as too many editors and newsrooms have done, your day quickly descends into a constant frenzy of juggling to barely (if at all) make deadlines. Adjust your workflow to the new demands by making five key decisions:

  • Set priorities that distinguish the urgent from the important.
  • Try zero-based scheduling that takes both print and digital demands into account.
  • Identify, analyze and adjust your most hectic and slowest periods of the day.
  • Find and reduce duplication of effort.
  • Improve your efficiency.

Set priorities

Decide what’s important. Rare is the editor who doesn’t have more things she could do in a day than time to do them all. Priorities help you seize control of your day. Set priorities from a distance as well as up close. From a distance, set priorities for 2008 and for the coming month. What do you most want to achieve this month? What do you want to achieve in 2008? Up close, set priorities for today and this week? What do you most want to achieve in this work day? What do you want to finish this week? As you carry out the rest of these decisions, keep your short-range and long-range priorities in mind.

Decide what’s not important. A common frustration of editors is that they spend too much time working on chores that are not important. You need to make these decisions in the moment as well as up close and from a distance. From a distance, look at things you constantly do that suck up more time than they are worth. Up close, watch for the time suckers coming up today or this week. In the moment, ask whether this task you’re doing right now even needs to be done and how much time it will take. Some tasks might be important but not important for you to do. Identify work you are doing that can or should be done by a reporter, clerk or other editor.

Let some tasks go. You aren’t really prioritizing unless you decide not to do some things. As you decide what isn’t important, make decisions on what you can assign to someone else, what you can stop doing, what you can outsource to users, what you can do quickly without as close attention to detail.

Confer with your editors. The front-line editor doesn’t have the authority to make all these priority decisions unilaterally, but you can take the initiative. Tell your editor how you plan to set priorities: What are your must-dos, what you plan to drop (and why) and everything in between.

Be clear about trade-offs. Editors can be greedy people. They always want more from their staffs. So don’t tell your editor just what you want to let go, but how you want to spend the time that saves. Your editor might bristle about giving up a chore that seems to have value, but might embrace that because you want to spend more time on front-end coaching of multimedia stories.

Schedule from scratch

Abandon the factory schedule. For years, newspapers operated by necessity on a factory schedule, with deadlines throughout the building set by the production demands of the print product. Digital demands have been squeezed in and piled on top, but few newsrooms and individual editors have started over from scratch to design a new workflow for today’s multiple products. Don’t do anything at any time because you’ve always done it. Identify tasks that are essential for the digital and print products and what are the ideal times to do them and how much flexibility you have in when to do them. As part of the Learning Newsroom project, the San Jose Mercury News decided to move the newsroom’s daily schedule back 90 minutes – start times, meetings, deadlines, etc.

Do what you can. It’s best if you do this at a newsroom-wide level, but if you can’t persuade the top editors to do that (or if some of the changes made newsroom-wide don’t solve your problems), start over yourself and devise a new schedule that fits the newsroom needs but makes some changes that work better for you.

Analyze and adjust your work flow

Study your pace. Many editors’ workdays lurch between periods of relative inactivity and rushes to make deadline or prepare for a news meeting. A morning rush to post fresh news early in the day has added another peak period for some editors. Identify what absolutely has to be done in the heaviest periods. Can you assign earlier deadlines for some reporters who aren’t working daily stories? Can you hold a maestro session that sets early deadlines for sidebars, graphics or interactive elements, pulling some work off deadline and giving it attention that it deserves during a slower period? Going back to those priorities you set, examine whether everything you’re doing in a crunch period measured up as important. Then ask a second question: Is it important that it be done now?

Break important work into tasks. Some important jobs seem so big that they would require a few days detached from your regular duties to complete. So they languish too long, frustrating you and failing to serve your audience. Break these jobs into individual tasks, so you can make progress on them even while handling the busy daily flow.

Work on priorities in slow periods. Once you’ve identified your priorities and your slow periods, match them up. Make a point each day to complete a task, or a few tasks, in pursuit of one of these important jobs you have cut down into pieces. You will still need to get detached from time to time so you can complete some huge tasks that could not be broken down. But the progress you make by addressing the job one task at a time will give you momentum that will help you get the time to finish the job.

Reduce duplication

As you examine your work and the work of your staff and peers, look for duplicated effort. Ask whether that duplication remains essential today. Don’t ask simply whether that duplicated effort improves quality (it nearly always does). Ask what else you could be doing with that time and whether that serves your audience better than an incremental increase in quality. Some duplication will remain essential, but as you reduce traditional duplication, you will gain time to improved quality and/or greater production in other areas.

Improve efficiency

Editors can buy more time for themselves and their staffs by seeking ways to work more efficiently. User-generated content, for instance, has allowed us to increase efficiency in matters such as calendars. Could you enlist your audience to do any of the work now done by you and your staff? Are you using Outlook and other computer programs effectively to help manage your contacts and your time? Do you let email suck up too much of your time? Are you sorting or tracking some things by hand that you could handle more efficiently in Excel or another program?

Coaching on the run

A common frustration of editors is that they don’t have time to coach reporters. Long conversations help in coaching and they do take time. But often the most valuable coaching comes in short conversations editors have with reporters every day. Too many conversations with editors are focused solely on the needs of production: What are you going to have? When are you going to have it? How long will it be? When can you file an update for the web? Those are necessary conversations and they often just take a minute or two. In another minute or two, you can work some meaningful coaching into the conversation.

Ask, don’t tell. Hurried editors too often give quick orders and assignments to reporters. You help inexperienced reporters develop (and avoid offending experienced reporters) by asking questions. Instead of assigning a follow-up story, ask the reporter what he thinks would be a good way to follow up. Ask whom the reporter will be interviewing. Ask what the reporter is thinking about for a lead. Ask how you might make the story interactive online. These coaching questions often stimulate reporters’ growth better than coaching advice.

Take time to praise. Daily, specific praise is one of an editor’s most important jobs. Let your reporters, mojos, photographers, artists and producers know how they are serving your audience well. You can deliver helpful praise that tells what you value in less than a minute. Make sure that you do this important job every day. You can make it one of the first things you do during that slow period.

Take time to challenge. Criticism has its place in editing, but challenges are more important. Any time you criticize, be sure that leads up to a challenge. Often the reporter already knows what she did wrong. Delivering a challenge to address that in the next story can take just a few minutes and have more impact than the detailed critique you don’t have time for anyway.

Managing the multimedia workload

Telling stories for multiple platforms involves several choices that are unfamiliar to many editors. You know how long it takes reporters to write particular types of stories and whether a particular story is worth a brief or a takeout, but you are less confident with making the same decisions on multimedia.

For big stories especially, make these decisions in a short discussion (a conference call or series of email exchanges if you can’t all gather together in the newsroom) with the various journalists involved: editors, reporters, mojos, producers, photographers, artists. Consider five questions:

  • What job does this story do for your audience?
  • What are the possible opportunities for multimedia and interactivity on this story?
  • How much time and work would it take to pursue those opportunities?
  • How would those multimedia and interactive elements help this story do its job for your audience?
  • Would these multimedia or interactive elements have value beyond the day they are posted?

After a brief discussion of those questions, decide together whether the benefit for the user is worth the time required to produce. For some stories, this will mean extensive time producing multiple layers of an important, interesting or fun story. For some stories, this will mean just text (or not doing the story). Most stories will fall somewhere in between.

Start discussions early. Early in the coverage of every story – often in the initial conversation – you need to discuss these issues with the journalists involved. It was never right for reporters to work alone on their stories, treating photos and graphics as an afterthought and getting the story just right before they let anyone else see it. That offense is compounded and inexcusable in today’s multi-platform newsroom. Multimedia elements and continuous deadlines demand early decisions and extensive coordination. The assigning editor often plays the key role in that planning. You may need to revisit some issues as you learn more about the story, but don’t wait until you know everything to start the discussions.

Start with your audience

Don’t start your considerations with the story, but with the audience. Consider what job this story is doing for the user. Are you informing, amusing, giving useful information? The job that the story does will help you decide how to tell it. Also consider who your audience for the story is. These considerations about potential users will guide some decisions about how to tell the story.

Brainstorm the possibilities

Consider multimedia. At the brainstorming stage, you want to consider the full range of possibilities. Don’t consider just video, but the full range of video possibilities: staff-shot video, user-submitted video, video from police cars or security cameras. Consider photos, slide shows with sound, audio clips, virtual reality, animations, simulations, PowerPoints, source documents. In each case, consider multiple methods of gathering – collecting yourself, gathering multimedia from other sources and seeking user submissions.

Consider interactivity. Discuss how you can turn users into participants by making your story interactive. You can do this on at least four levels:

  • Involve participants in the reporting by using some form of crowd-sourcing.
  • Involve participants in telling the initial story by using wikis, online chats, polls or discussion threads.
  • Help participants personalize the story by using databases, calculators or maps.
  • Engage participants in the continuation of the story, again by online chats, polls or discussion threads.

Consider alternate story forms. Many stories or parts of stories are told most effectively in print or online in forms other than the traditional string of paragraphs. Discuss whether all or part of a story should be told in print and/or online in alternate forms such as a grid, graphic, board game, video game, timeline, list, series of vignettes, quiz, map or some other alternate form. Consider also what accompanying elements might help, such as c hronologies, glossaries, use-it boxes, what’s-next boxes, tables, charts, graphs, statistics, casts of characters, bio boxes, fact boxes, by-the-numbers, comparisons or lists. Many of these alternate story forms can be particularly interactive online.

Discuss the time involved

After you’ve brainstormed and come up with the best possibilities for this story, discuss the time involved in carrying them out. If your staff doesn’t have experience in a particular kind of element, that will take more time. But the benefit of that time is not just this story, but the experience you gain for future stories. As you gain experience, you will know both how much time it will take and whether you can do a quick-hit version for simple stories and a more elaborate effort for the big stories.

Consider the audience again

Once you have considered which tools might best help tell this story and how long it might take to use them, return again to the audience. Don’t use some multimedia or interactive elements just because they would be cool or fun for you. If they will make the story more useful, more informative or more entertaining for the user, they are more likely to be worth your time.

Consider lasting value

You need to put fresh content online all the time to keep your audience coming back again and again. But a major difference between print and online journalism is the lasting value of some online content. If a database would have standalone value online long after the daily story has passed, it’s more likely to be worth the effort than another element that would only have interest for a day or two. If a video or map might become part of the evergreen community content of your site, it’s more likely to be worth the effort.

Determine responsibilities

Multi-platform storytelling may involve more journalists in the gathering process. In your early discussions, decide who should be responsible for gathering each piece of the story – reporter, photographer, videographer, artist, librarian, web producer, database editor, assigning editor, whoever.

Outlook is important

Develop new skills. Always try to be working on a new skill. Our business is changing swiftly and you need to be learning constantly.

Never say no for someone else. Don’t assume that someone can’t do something you haven’t seen them do before. You don’t know who dabbles in other skills privately or yearns to develop new skills. Ask them if they want to try. Don’t assume your bosses won’t go for something you haven’t done before. Ask if you can try it.

Don’t let obstacles become excuses. You will encounter lots of obstacles on the path to multi-platform success. Turn them into the war stories of your success. Don’t let them become excuses for failure.

The article is encoded only for educative purposes from the link:http://www.notrain-nogain.org/man/time/8load.asp

Enjoy Your Work & Spare-time

What happened to us ?

Long time ago our ancestors used not more than five hours a day on what we now call “work”: gathering food, building houses, making clothes and tools. The rest of the day was spent talking, resting and dancing. What a contrast compared to the 19th century factory-worker who worked six days a week and twelve hours a day!
“Il lavoro nobilitia l’uomo, e le rende simile alle bestie”: “Work can lift a man up but also makes an animal of him”, is the translation of this Italian proverb. The doctor in the new hospital and the slave carrying a heavy load are both working. But the doctor can learn everyday something new, he realises that he has things under control and is able to accomplish difficult tasks. The slave has to do the same tiring work again and again. How do we feel in our jobs, like the doctor or the slave ?

Work as a curse

Adam was punished by God with the curse ” cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life…by the sweat of your brow you will eat your food” (Genesis 3:17-19). Most cultures consider work (just like the Bible story) as a curse to be avoided as much as possible!
There is something strange about work. If we wouldn´t care about luxury, cars and beautiful houses there would be no much need for hard work. But the more we put our energy into material goals, the harder it is to realise them. To meet our climbing expectations, we must work harder, physically and mentally and use more and more natural resources.

Work as pleasure

Still work does not need to be unpleasant. Working can be tough or at least tougher than doing nothing but people can enjoy their work and it can be the best part of their life.

Scientists in Italy have studied traditional communities living in the Alps. These mountain people are happy people. Why ? Because they don’t make the difference between work and spare-time. Although life is not easy living in these mountains, the people in these villages do not experience their heavy work as a burden. They feel free, free in their work, they can do what they want, they don’t have a boss telling them what to do.
If your work is in a dark and dirty factory, even then you can enjoy your work. How ? By trying to manipulate and transform the opportunities even the simplest job offers. That is the difference between happy and unhappy people in their jobs. You can stay within the boundaries of the given reality and become unhappy. Or you can try to pass these boundaries and become happy. Even is your work is dull, give yourself new goals, make your work a game, more complex than it is. During World War II many Jews practised this mental technique in prison. In order to avoid madness they start counting the bricks in their cells or start asking questions. What was this brick made of, who made it, where did this man live etc. ? They made the killing dullness into a game. They looked behind their boundaries.
If you use your mental energy to achieve this you will find out that you too are able to lose yourself in your job (you feel part of a flow, you forget time) and you will see your work as a result of a free choice.

The paradox of spare-time

Work has the potential to give people the feeling that they are competent, it gives them challenges. This make you feel happy, strong, creative and satisfied. In spare-time many people feel sad, weak, listless and dissatisfied. But whoever you ask, people will always say that they want to work less and have more spare-time !
What does this mean ? During work people give little attention to their senses. They neglect the quality of the immediate experience their job offers them and base their motivation on the cultural biased stereotype of what work ought to be for them. They consider work as a burden, an obligation, an enemy of their freedom. So therefore work should be avoided as much as possible.
But many people do not know what to do in their spare-time. Ironically work can make you easier happy than spare-time because work has goals, feedback, rules and challenges which stimulate you to commit yourself to your job, to concentrate and forget yourself.
Spare-time on the other hand is unstructured and asks for a much bigger effort to be enjoyed. Hobbies which ask for a certain skills and inner discipline can make spare-time into what it is really meant for: re-creation. Most people let the change go by to enjoy spare-time more than their work.

The false promise of the entertainment industry

The entertainment industry tries to help people to enjoy their spare-time. But in stead of using our physical or mental abilities, many people spent every weekend hours in a stadium, looking at famous sportsmen and sportswomen. In stead of making music themselves, we listen to music of rich musicians. In stead of making art we admire the paintings in the museum. In stead of acting on our beliefs, we prefer to watch actors who pretend to be in adventures and who seem to live exciting lives. In stead of making our own webpages we only use our computer to visit other webpages we didn’t make…
Using your own skills leads to personal growth. Being passively entertained leads to nothing. We waste our energy for nothing, even more it tires us and discourages us.

The solution

Work and spare-time can both be disappointing unless you take control. Many jobs and leisure activities are not made to make us happy and strong. They are only there to make another person rich. If we do not resist this, it will use up all our life-energy. But work and spare-time can also contribute to our needs. You can learn to enjoy your work and use your spare-time fruitful.
The future belongs not only to the learned women or men who enjoy their work, but also to the one who has learned to use the spare-time useful.

(This article is an extraction and revision based on the book: Flow: psychologie van de optimale ervaring. by M. Csikszentmihalyi. Amsterdam: Boom 1999)

Photo Exhibition at DIU auditorium

A Photo Exhibition focusing the religious and cultural heritage of the Muslim World was held at the auditorium of Daffodil International University with the joint collaboration of the Turkish Cultural Center, Dhaka and the Department of English, DIU.

The exhibition was inaugurated by Mr. Fikret CICEK, President, Turkey Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce & industry (TBCCI) as Chief Guest at 11:00 AM on 21 August, 2010. Mr. Md Sabur Khan, Chairman, Board of Governors, Daffodil International University, presided over the ceremony. Dr. Binoy Barman, Assistant Professor and Head, Department of English, gave his Welcome Speech where Mr. Md. Sabur Khan, Chairman, Board of Governors, Daffodil International University, rendered his speech of Chair, Professor Dr. Aminul Islam, Vice Chancellor, Daffodil International University, delivered his Speech of Special Guest. Mr. Fikret CICEK, President, Turkey Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce & Industry (TBCCI), conveyed his Speech of Chief Guest & Mr. Fatih CELIK, Executive Director, Turkish Culture Centre, carried out his Vote of Thanks in the Exhibition program. Among other distinguished persons, Dr. Md. Fokhray Hossain, Registrar, Daffodil International University also enlightened the display with his kind presence.

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The exhibition was open from 11:00 am to 4:00 pm during 21-23 August, 2010. More than thirty exclusive photographs on Islamic religious fervour were exhibited in the show. A great number of visitors from teacher, Administration and student visited the auditorium and enjoyed the extravaganza up to their maximum. They wrote down about their emotion and experience after visiting the exhibition in the Comment Book. Audience praised the organizers and expected to have this kind of programs in future as well.

Evolution of Poetry and its Significance over all Ages

Poetry is one of the powerful stuffs of any literature. It is the most ancient part among all the literary works. So, to get an authentic and complete touch of literature, there is no other way but to interfere into the realm of poetry. People since time immemorial, has been endeavoring their thought through poetry. In ancient Greece, Plato wanted to oust the poets from the society for their fantastic thinking instead of practical. However, it could not be possible as poetry surmounted all the barriers with its emphatic force of diversification, amplitude, depth of impact and above all, a parallel series of moral belief, ethical notion and social picturization.

Poetry has a significant role on society. From the ancient time till the recent, taking its responsibilities upon shoulders, Poetry denotes an influential pedestal among other genres of literature. For example, of ancient time, poems like “The Dream of the Roods”, “The Seafarer”, “The Wanderer”; or of medieval period, “The Canterbury Tales” or of Victorian era, Tennyson’s “Tithonus”, or of Romantic Period, W. Wordsworth’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”; or of Metaphysical era, A. Marvell’s “The Definition of Love”, ; or of Modern Period, T. S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land” etc.— have great implications. These poems deal sometimes with all the (socio-economic, cultural, political, religious etc.) conditions, or the self experience of grievances or ecstasy of the narrator/ protagonist; or ethical beliefs fused with religion or apart from religion; or the passion for the beloved/ lover; or the committed sin of the people & its redemption through rational solution; or the perish or survival after facing the reality or fate; or the future guided by fate or activity of that very time. The reader of these poems can easily come to know about the exact condition reflected in the poetry of that particular era.

Poetry has sometimes followed or deviated from its orthodox notion of rhyme, meter, and lines. It has turned into epic (Homer’s Iliad, or Milton’s Paradise Lost, for example), elegy (“Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” for example), sonnets (of William Shakespeare, for example) etc. Poetry has used alliteration, metaphor, simile, personification, symbol, imagery etc. according to the taste of the poet or the demand of the time. Poetry has told a lot of things of human civilization and it has a lot more things to say.

How Literature Influences Life

In ancient Greece, Plato wanted to oust the poets (in great sense, people involved in literature) from his Ideal State for their imaginative thinking instead of practical. However, it could not be possible as surmounted all the barriers with its emphatic force of diversification, amplitude and depth of impact. So, after the sequential elapse of time, it is proved that, literature definitely has profound sway upon life to a large extent. It is not that, who is not aware about at least a single literature— can not run his life; it is the fact that, he who has come under the rich umbrella of diversified literature, can treat it as an ingredient of persuasion upon his life.

Moral values are the élan vital or the driving force of a life. These moral or ethical senses are sometimes largely grown or nourished or sometimes rectified in the literature of that very time. Thus, literature has a powerful impact upon life of any society. Lord of the Flies provides us the implied morale that— good and evil are not here and there, they lie in our souls. Shakespeare also believed that there is nothing good and bad in the earth; our thinking makes a thing so.

Philosophical thoughts are considered as the most ancient pensive creativity. Literature is also emerged from creativity. Literature enhances creativity. Literature and life of a society reflect upon each other: Life moulds literature of a society and literature reflects the life pattern of any society. In most cases, literature doesn’t render economical benefit. Yet, it is closely related to the heritage, culture and social-political-religious aspects of life. We come to know about the intimate relationship between the regal king and kinsmen, their festivals, gorgeous feasts, pompous castle, agony for the departed close ones in poems like The Seafarer” or “The Wanderer”. Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales chalks out the society of the medieval period. Thus, literature depicts culture more or less in different ages.

Religion leads life of a human being in a rectified way. Literature deals with ethics of various religions and thus possesses a grave influence upon individuals. Pilgrim’s Progress Allegorically states the journey to the life hereafter. “The Dream of the Roods”, a poem of the ancient time, deals with the religious Christian vigour while “The Seafarer” and “The Wanderer” articulate pagan and Christian belief simultaneously alongside other description of social aspects. In Milton’s Paradise Lost, we come to know the cause behind the fall of human from the Heaven following the wrath of the God upon man’s sin. It tells us that, Satan instigates us to undermine our religious belief. Later, In Paradise Regained, we are taught that, through the earnest repentance, we can regain the grace of the merciful God. In this way, literature can work to alert human sect against Gods’ wrath or self unscrupulousness and vehemence.

Men can commit a sin when the devilish part of his soul dominates upon him. Sometimes, unintentional sin generates prick of conscience. The Omnipotent is very kind. The sinners can seek pardon to get rid of his retribution. According to the speech of Scriptures or belief of morality and society, it is deemed that the sinners would taste redemption through condign penalty. S. T. Coleridge’s The Ancient Mariner can be the best example of it. Sometimes, man has to be submissive to the Almighty if the solemn plea of a humble human being is pictured in literature; George Herbert’s “Pulley” is an example.

It is a gospel truth that— time spares nobody. Literature helps us to remind that fact. Beowulf pictures the life of a valiant warrior protagonist who triumphs the consecutive fierce battles but eventually defeated to the elapse of time. We realize the cruelest philosophy of life- time spares nobody. This epic of the ancient time also deals with triumphant of the protagonist who faces all reality with courage, patience and according to the situation. Thus, literature teaches us some encouraging lessons. Lord Tennyson’s “Tithonus” deals with human limitation and the powerful influence of time. “Ulysses’’ teaches us not to leave anything until the goal is achieved. Thus, literature influences people to enhance their endurance, spirit and aspiration.

Irrational activities of human sects are proved to be devastative. Homer’s epic Iliad narrates the mythological story where gods and human fight side by side and thus a huge city collapses and a huge bloodshed occurs. Lord of the Flies also depicts almost the same story where we see how devastating a civilization can be for their self doom.

Trait varies from human to human. Shakespeare envisaged this fact a long time ago and showed us universal aspects of human psychology like love, hatred, passion, jealousy, anger, ambition, greed, lust, indecision, patriotism, conspiracy, hot-headedness, revengefulness, humour, unscrupulousness— which can force any human to face a tragic doom from regal status. Thus, by showing psychological affinity, a common man is similar to a man from blue blood. Ambition is an awesome aspect of humanity. Considerate people are never proud of his achievement. Christopher Marlowe shows the deadly fate of a person who transgress his limit in Doctor Faustus.

Love vibrates human mind significantly. None can live without live. Theme of love is lavishly depicted in the literatures of different ages. Seventeenth century poet A. Marvell in his remarkable “The Definition of Love” reveals the passion of a lover’s heart. Marlow’s “The Passionate Shepherd to His Beloved” can be another example of the commitments of a lover. Thus, the theme of love is nurtured and pinpointed in literature.

Mourning for the departed consanguine is an instinct trait of human being. Some literatures largely deal with the expression of personal agony for the nearest and dearest ones. Masterpiece Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard is a revelation for those candid, rustic departed souls who left the world before proving their potent. In Memoriam is a sorrowful narration of a dead friend.

As an educative source, literature plays a significant role upon human. Literature works with direct or implied moral in its regard. A great deal of examples can be drawn from different genres. Thus, literature is an emphatic force of education. For example, The Old Man and the Sea teaches the reader what should be a man’s activity under the clutch of danger and how a man should struggle to reset his fortune. Return of the Native of Thomas Hardy deals with the morale how a man should confront with reality as it is.

Appreciation of art is a part of intellect. Literature evokes the dormant sense of beauty through its artistic representation. Aestheticism is far away from coarse sensuality or poignant vulgarity. Thus, one’s soul can be rectified by the enkindling of beautification. James Joyce’s novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a good example of distinguishing the art of soul and corporeal desire of lust. It reveals that art is sublime, spiritual and above all vulgarity. A thing of beauty is joy forever— believed sensuous poet of nature John Keats.

War-ridden modern era has been witnessing un-stability of every kind. T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land is an exemplary reflection of this suffocating time. It yells on sexual perversion, spiritual hollowness and ethical bankruptcy after the devastated World Wars. At the same time, this masterpiece draws solution from Eastern Upanishad to surrender, control thyself and be compassionate to make an upheaval from chaotic abyss of every kinds. It avows that, the betterment of human civilization is in our hand—through our individual and reciprocal endeavour and will. Right at this apocalyptic moment, it can be our prime and universal motto to save our darling world from the ultimate doom.

There are lots of incongruities here and there in society. Satiric literature like, Animal Farm or Gulliver’s Travels is a kind of protest against the absurdity of society. This kind of literature thrashes the vice or folly of human race. Indirectly, satiric literature is pointed to rectify the incongruities in human characters through repartee and banter. Socio-economic, cultural, political and individual life is under intense scrutiny of these literatures.

Probably, one of the most influential aspects of literature is to broaden vision of the readers. It helps to make a person better. It motivates people towards tolerance and inculcates the sense of justice in Human soul. In ancient Greek literature like Oedipus Rex, sense of justice evokes in fate-bound protagonist Oedipus, and he punishes himself following his sense of guilt by self-blinding.

Literature is a means of reading– reading for pleasure. A general reader can attain delight from some light literature as well as from thought provoking one. Sherlock Holms, The Mysterious Island, Harry Potter or the Mythological writings is a good example that fulfills the appetite of readers of all kinds.

Through literature, life of the individual as well as the whole civilization can be enlightened. Alexander Pope’s magnum opus The Rape of the Lock believed in the education of social morality, classic culture; it denounces and satirizes the feminine sham egoism; it fights against social corruption and debasement. T. Hardy’s Tess of the d’Urbervilles, H. Ibsen’s A Doll’s House or Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment can be the announcement of feminine suppression and liberation simultaneously.

Patriotism is one of the inevitable, prerequisite traits of human. A great deal of examples on patriotic issue can be drawn from different literatures. National anthem written by Tagore or poem ‘Biddrohi’ by Nazrul can be a few example of patriotism.

So, it is transparent that, literature shows versatile dimension & deals with every aspect of life more or less. One point is to be mentioned, the viewpoint of grasping and the degree of infusing in the conscience of the same literary work can be different in case of different people from different social, political, economical or intellectual background.

Milad & Dua Mahfil at DIU Auditorium

Daffodil International University (DIU) observed the National Mourning Day on 15th August with the whole nation, as on that day in 1975 the gruesome assassination took place upon the whole family of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as a result of a perverted military coup.

The discussion program began after Asr prayer at the DIU auditorium. Professor Amirul Islam, Principal, Bangladesh Dental College was present there as the chief guest where Md. Sabur Khan, Honourable Chairman, BoG & Professor Dr. Aminul Islam, Honourable Vice chancellor of DIU embellished the occasion as sage speakers. The trio conveyed their valuable opinions on the awesome carnage of August 15, 1975. Most of the Faculty Members, Administrative personnel, staff & students were present at the program and participated in the event.

The program was followed by a Dua Mahfil and Iftar party.

DIU Campus Cleaning Day

Students and Career Development Center (CDC) of Daffodil International University (DIU) launched the Campus Cleaning Festival, Summer 2010 for the first time ever on 10 August 2010. The program was inaugurated at 10.30 am at DIU Auditorium by Honorable Vice Chancellor of DIU, Professor Dr. Aminul Islam. Among others, all the faculty members including the students embellished the occasion.

The idea was initially generated by Mr. Md. Sabur Khan, the Chairman, BoG. DIU authority implemented it successfully. The main motto of observing such an innovative program was to capitalize the main resource of the university to maintain the cleanliness; here by ‘main resource’ the students are meant. DIU initially decided to reserve a day or certain time of a day when the students will have to participate in cleaning their campuses. The staff who clean the university will help the students too.

DIU believes, this kind of cleaning activities might help making the students aware & conscious of the cleanliness of the university as well as the surroundings. As the students will be participating in the cleaning process they will avoid making the campus dirty again.

After the inauguration program, activities like Cleaning Prince Plaza Campus, Main Campus & Administrative Building from 11.00 am to 1.00 pm took place. White T-shirt clad Students of various departments guided by faculty members with leadership quality, like Syed Mizanur Rahman, Masud Ibn Rahman, Dr. Binoy Barman visited the campuses and made necessary clean up with brooms & bins. Students vowed to craft a habit of not making the surroundings dirty so that, it would be easy to make the environment clean.

DIU Capital Market Education Program

On the 7th August 2010, Saturday, a workshop on “Capital Market Education Program” took place at the DIU Auditorium. Target audience was the business students of DIU.

Convener of the workshop, Ms. Tanzina Hossain, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Business Administration under the Faculty of Business & Economics of the university presented the real view of capital market and disclosed some real experience. Mr. Saiful Islam, Assistant director of Security & Exchange Commission (SEC), said the real field of Capital market.

This program, organized by Career development Center (CDC), aimed at mixing the theoretical knowledge with practical aspects of capital market. Attended participants of the program were privileged of having more effective and much needed knowledge and information thoroughly and elaborately on capital market affairs for making a wise investment decision as well as availing career building prospect in the field of Capital Market.

The inaugural event was named as: A day long workshop on “Capital market ABC & Personal Investment by Trading Affairs Learning (CAPITAL)”

OBJECTIVES OF THE WORKSHOP:

•   Educating students of business as an investor by providing the necessary information and knowledge related to the activities of trading operation in Capital    Market

•   Providing a preliminary training to develop themselves as a professional in Capital market.

•   Aiding to mitigate the risk arising from lack of practical investment knowledge.

•   Helping participants to be aware of bookish as well as practical trading affairs.

PROGRAM CONTENTS

1.   Basic Orientation of Capital Market

2.   Pre-requisite activities of investing in the Stock Market

3.   Investors’ Rights and Responsibilities

4.   How to trade in the stock market

5.   Factors to be considered for investment in stock market

6.   Fundamentals of Stock Valuation

7.   Analysis of Financial Statement

8.   Technical Analysis

9.   Measures to Profit Maximization

10.   Portfolio Investment & stock Analysis

All the participant students had learned the fundamentals of Capital Market from this 6 hour long program. They enjoyed the workshop and left for home with a hope to be participated in this kind of educative program again and again.