Textile sector is one of the prominent sectors of Bangladesh. There are huge job opportunities for the textile engineers in this sector. The fresh graduates can build their career in spinning, fabric manufacturing, wet proceeding, apparel manufacturing as well as in washing sector. The blog is about the prospective of job market for the textile engineers.
Bangladesh is one of the best Ready Made Garments (RMG) exporter is the world. According to the McKinsey report (2011) it’s position is after China (first in position exporting RMG). Bangladesh’s garment exports during July-June 2012-13 period climbed by about 12.7 percent. In that year the export earning was US$ 21.515 billion which was US$ 19.089 billion during period of 2011-12. Bangladesh mainly exports RMGs in Europe, USA, Canada and some other countries of the world. The major RMGs are knit and woven wears. This sector accounts for about 81% of the total export earning of the country.
Due to the current situation in this sector, textile education has become one of the common interests of subject in the country among the students. There are many educational institutes which have been providing different degrees on textiles including M.Sc in Textile Engineering, more recently Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTex) is going to starts PhD program in textile engineering. There are about 21 private universities and 8 public universities/college in
the country which are providing graduates in textile arena. Among them Daffodil International University has started M.Sc program prior to BUTex and the authorities of the university are intended to start PhD program too. The universities provide textile engineering degree in four major areas of textiles namely yarn manufacturing, fabric manufacturing, wet processing and apparel manufacturing.
There are about 350 spinning mills in the country. About 80% of the yarn needed by the knitting and weaving factories are supplied by these spinning mills. On the other hand, thousand of apparel industries produce garments from dyed and/or printed fabrics. The four major sectors (yarn manufacturing, fabric manufacturing, wet processing and apparel manufacturing) are jointly manufacturing RMGs. Traditionally, the students passing from different textile institute getting job in the textile industries. But they are not only doing job in their respective major areas but also other major areas. For instance, a student, passing from fabric manufacturing major area, is starting his/her job as a merchandiser in apparel industries due the current job availability in the textile sector. Many passed out graduates are recruited where they get higher initial salary. For these reason, some sector like spinning, fabric manufacturing are not getting fresh graduates which can hamper the factories in future. More over some sectors like wet processing and apparel manufacturing are getting saturated for the fresh graduate. Job vacancies are less in these fields. On the other side, in spinning mill or fabric mill there are more vacancies and they do not find good graduates. This scenario of the job in textile field may make imbalance on overall textile sector.
B.Sc in Textile Engineering graduates may build their career in fabric manufacturing sector. In
Bangladesh weaving, knitting, terry towel, denim products have huge demand. There are 802
fabric industries, 32 denim fabric industries producing fabrics to supply fabrics in the markets. Though the demand of knit fabrics can be met by the existing knitting mill, weaving mill cannot meet the demand at all. In the fabric industries the textile graduates can build their career as production officer, Quality officer, R&D officer etc.
Recently, the students passing from the universities choose apparel merchandising as their first choice. So day by day the competition of getting job in this field is getting harder in the country. The phenomenon was same in dyeing sector in earlier and it become very harder to get a good job for the fresh graduates. In these circumstances, it is very easy to get a good job in spinning or weaving mills.
So, the job prospect or opportunities to get a job in the spinning or weaving mill will flourish in
future which also make balance in the job filed of textile sector.
Alamgir Hossain has been serving as a faculty member of the Dept. of Textile Engineering, Daffodil International University since 2010. He completed his B.Sc in Textile Engineering from Daffodil International University and pursuing M.Sc. in Textile Engineering in the same university. His research interests lie in the area of yarn manufacturing, optimization processing parameters of spinning, producing quality yarn in minimum cost etc. He also worked in Tanaka Spinning Mill Ltd. in Savar as a production officer. He likes to travel in his leisure.
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